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using water-shortage to close the social gap Eindhoven 2018 Graduation project
This is inspiration for a maker-community using WhatsApp which shares timesaving solutions in a situationof watershortage Everyone needs clean clothing. Luckily, we have the washing machine. Nothing to worry about. Imagine your city getting hit by a water crisis. Not unimaginable because, London, São Paulo, \Barcelona, Cairo, Jakarta, Rome and many other metropoles will run out of water within fifty years. The taps will shut down and you will have to get water from a distribution point. This washing machine becomes a useless box. And you? You have to spend triple the time to do laundry. What will you give up? Fact is, many people are already living on those measures right now. Especially in big cities dealing with Great inequality like Cape Town, a city facing a water crisis. These people are trying to keep up with the Was-A-machine Lotte de Haan, Man and Wellbeing, year 4 demands of urban life without running water. This is nearly impossible. However, when the water crises hit, the knowledge of those people becomes incredibly valuable. Using their and my own experience on water shortage,I am creating a maker-community using WhatsApp which shares time saving solutions in a waterstressed situation using this experience. Starting with a simple connection library and a low-key design for a washing machine out of plastic bottles, bike parts, discarded water-tanks and other general trash available. I want to inspire and give the push to start thinking about those solutions. Showing we can use what we have to start finding solutions for urgent as well as upcoming waterstressed situations and giving a more equal opportunity to meet the demands of urban life.
the Whatsapp makercommunity
  how this all started

Watershortage can be a situation to start bridging social gaps

in a socially divided urban

environment through the power

of making and design.

I believe in equality, inclusivity, connectivity and empowerment. For half a year I have been living in Cape Town. I have never seen a place that was more divided. A total opposite to my ground principles. This situation gave me an unstoppable urge to bring different groups of people together. Cape Town is also going through a period of severe water-shortage right now. Which is first of all interesting because it is the first modern developed city of which the taps most likely will run dry. So what will happen when a basic need is de-commodified in such a context? It is going to be a test ground for what is awaiting many cities in the near future. Secondly I am very interested what a situation of water-shortage will do to the social standards. Because in cape town there are people who have been living without a water connection already all their lives, in the townships and informal settlements, but also people who own swimming pools and Jacuzzi’s. But when the taps run dry we will all be waiting in the same line. "How can we use water-shortage to close the social gap in a positive and collaborative way?" e
  I lived on 25 litres a day, say WHAAAT?
 During this experiment I stayed in contact with the people in cape town living in informal settlements. They could advise me how what to do in certain situations because, by experience, they would know all about it. The conclusion of this experiment for me was that I was not struggling with the relatively small amount of water but more with the time it took me to manage the water. This caused that I was not able to live up to the demands of modern urban life without access to water. After this experiment I understood a little more of what it must be like having to live in such an unequal position.
The research First I wanted to understand what it is like to live in the unequal position not having access to running water personally while fast urban life still goes on around me and I have to keep up.I did a three week experiment. I took the measures that will come into play in cape-town when day zero arrives, the day the taps will run dry. Which are 25 liters a day, per person taken from a distribution point which Is located approximately 7 km away from your house. I started to realize how many activities of daily urban life require water use and how much time you save by just being connected to water. Doing the laundry with 50 liters in a washing machine takes two hours less then a wash with 4 liters by hand. I started to miss my house holding machines like the washing machine,I documented my experience using vlogs1
 Solutions Therefore I started to think of time saving solutions in a situation where you are not connected to the water system. I chose to focus on the iconic washing machine because it was the object I missed the most during my experiment. I wanted to relate this solution back to the context of Cape town and it’s social inequality, How this solution could speak to the two far ends in society. I found the machine, when executed in discarded readily available materials and rubbish, the perfect object to place in the middle of the social pyramid to start a conversation about how water shortage bridge social gaps. It speaks to the higher regions in society because of the scary idea you would have to give up leisure time for laundry, And to the lower parts of society because of the foresight of a time-saving solution within the means of their budget.
The washing machine What you see here is a make-shift washing machine made out of general trash. Like buckets, bottles and bike parts. Connectable to different power-sources to make it turn. It functions as a washing machine, but also as an open, low- key inspiration to start thinking of more time saving solutions when living a situation of water shortage in an urban environment. The piece proposes only one possibility to use little water in a time-saving way but I will start making an archive of time-saving solutions together with people with experience on that specific situation. The design of the machine is open-sourced and sharable by whatsapp through video. to reach as many as possible. I want to start a maker community on whatsapp, the most used app for communication. Provide inspiration and possibilities to use what is readily available around you to start making and visualizing solutions for a situation of water shortage using your experience of living in an urban environment where you do not have immediate and unlimited access to water. Sooffering a way to translate and visualize your experience in a promising way. It is giving body to unvalued and hidden knowledge that could be of great importance now.
  The bridge I believe there will be interest coming from the people living in the socially advanced regions of society in those solutions because thewater shortage is also knocking on their doors. So, the project is targeting the ones in the bottom of the pyramid, saying your knowledge you had to gain because of your disadvantage d position, matters. let’s get your ideas out there!It is targeting the people in the living at the top of the pyramid, saying there is knowledge available about the scary situation you are about to enter so you better start valuing the people who own this knowledge it to have access to it.
  soon in context! soon in context! soon in context! soon in context!
this project
nominated for the DOPPER design challenge
to see on DDW 2018